Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is additionally tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available when using PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or true. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. The fourth tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, there are many similar sounds distinctive meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, could be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation can’t be related, the meaning of the characters can. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds because u with an umlaut () that sounds like a plan of I and u. Like all things unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and fear. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the first step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language success.
The Strategies Would once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted a groundwork amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Truly learners and uncovered interesting results could be help future learners in forming a helpful study technique. Her study revolves concerning the most regularly employed Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing within the Chinese character types.
The study finds that among the top twenty most regularly used strategies, eight of these are most typically associated with when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the smoothness is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the figure.
7. Learning the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned identity.
The next six strategies are which is used to increase learners’ understanding belonging to the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if brand new character been recently used preceding.
12. Trying to discover how intensive testing . used hello in mandarin chinese conversation.
13. Utilizing the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the type could provide in phrases.
However, learning strategies come to diminish beyond those two learning concentrations. There are only three strategies moved to memorising newly learned temperament.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in consideration.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And presently there only one strategy for the practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. Some strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the type repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of what they learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, an essential improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students the materials they are learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials they are learning as they quite simply do a product. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection that isn’t characters come up with them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study points too recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding the concepts of. One way allow your this will be using an app with regard to example The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is suited for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters created from chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it is also accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app the more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user could add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning process to incorporate is observing how a characters are widely-used in situation. This can finished by observing real-life conversations to assist the textbook and audio recordings conversation. Usually interesting to that learners studied typically the abovementioned research were unwilling to adopt the learning strategies recommended by the instructors, for example watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese movies. There could be many reasons why you are this. The structure of the shows or songs usually will not appeal for the learners.
To be able to this program is considerably less convenient. Or if the shows become accessed online, rarely are they subtitled in either both Chinese and English which will make the shows more employed to beginner learners in acquiring the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Tv fall into the historical genre, which can be a favourite among the Chinese, such as The Empress of Cina. However, the language spoken in this type of TV show is much more complex than the contemporary spoken Chinese.